A widespread and serious diseases of the respiratory system of children and frequently it occurs
In winter and spring, which is inflammation of the air sacs of the lungs and around by
(Pulmonary Almkor) infection occurs by droplets from the nose and mouth patient
When you cough and form colds and flu and neglecting the main factor in Alajhma
The occurrence of disease.
Begins a sudden rise in the baby’s temperature with chills or jerk the child is infected
Baheejan and breathing becomes rapid and shallow concomitant pain on the side of the chest
Dry cough mother notes that the child’s nose slot thaw with the inspiration to introduce greater
Possible amount of air and that of her child happens Annina distinctive (Grunting)
Bright or illness (acute kidney) kind of sensitivity (the microbe Alsobhy)
So often this disease never sore throat or tonsillitis or scarlet fever and was named
Disease (Bright) relative to the England doctor (Richard Bright) who discovered the facts
Home of the disease.
There are three central, symptoms of the disease, including:
First, changes in urine and include
(Reduced amount of urine and change its color and the presence of albumin and roller bloody urine)
Second: high blood pressure
Third: swelling especially the face and around the eyes
Congestive heart failure, hypertension, brain and acute renal failure
So prevention is very important here, you must not expose the child to colds and avoid his presence in places
Wet and crowded and attention to the cleanliness of the airways. And protect the baby from infections
Throat, tonsillitis and scarlet fever.
C urinate involuntarily
Satisfactory phenomenon means that a child’s ability to control urine during sleep, and after the fourth year of his age
It occurs between the ages (4 15) years and up to 12 per cent of children at the age of 5 years
And 8% at the age of 8 years and 1% until the age of 15 years
There are reasons why organic and accounted for 10% of the causes and return to the defect or organic disease in a
Members of the urinary system or the nervous system in controlling urinary tract system such as inflammatory Basin
Kidney or ureter or bladder, the bladder the size of a narrow, spinal deformities, diabetes
The psychological reasons and represent 90% of the reason goes back to the child’s sense of security loss
And deprived of kindness and compassion, and also hit the child and reprimanded after Tabbouleh, and children’s fear
And lack of child care after interest in him after recovering from the disease, for example, or the birth of a new baby
The doctor treating organic disease after laboratory tests work in the case of his presence
Then psychotherapy begins to examine the reasons leading to urinate with the child and his two sons and Training
The child during the day for the imprisonment of urine as much as possible and shall not drink liquids
After six in the evening and to accustom the baby to empty his bladder before going to sleep.
A viral disease spread contagion by aerosols or by the patient’s contaminated tools
Symptoms begin a simple rise in temperature with a headache and malaise, followed by the appearance of the year
The characteristic rash of smallpox on the abdomen, chest, back and underarms
It consists of small red spots turn into solid leather heights (Helmiat)
Turn into small bags inside clear watery liquid called (vesicles) and then turns
Raa’iq liquid-to-liquid purulent turbid then called (pimples) and is characterized by a rash appearing
In groups and in batches notes the different stages of rash appearance in the same place plates
Prevention and treatment
Child should be isolated to prevent the spread of the disease and cut his nails so as not to rub the skin vesicles Vtnfjr
And microbes attack them and take care of the cleanliness of the child and Treatment depends on giving the child drugs
It would relieve the severity of itching and prevent and treat complications of the disease.
Highly contagious viral disease occur contagion by aerosols dispersed from the mouth and nose of the patient
And flu-like symptoms in the beginning where the temperature rises with cold, cough, runny
Dry and red eyes on the third day of the disease appear small white spots the mouth of the child (spots Koppelk)
On the seventh day red rash appears the color behind the ears, forehead and then spreads to cover the whole body
And its complications: gastroenteritis and popular, pneumonia, inflammation of the brain
Hence the importance of
(Prevention) of this dangerous disease and vaccinating the child taste of measles (2/1 cm by injection under the skin)
In the ninth month once ..
H: rheumatic fever
A serious disease that affects children from the age of 5 years to 15 years as a result of
(Sensitivity) Some children Alsobha the microbe that infects the throat and tonsils
And skin symptoms vary from one state to another may appear in the form of higher
Temperature with inflammation and swelling of major joints such as the knees Detailed
And ankles, shoulder, elbow, or contract rheumatic skin or injury to the heart muscles
And valves or it may be in the form of (CORBA) and rheumatic arthritis is characterized by swelling
That appears in one of the joints and then disappears to appear in another detailed and given the close relationship
Between throat infections, almonds and rheumatic fever must treat this
Infections adequate treatment and under the supervision of a physician.
A highly infectious disease, mainly affects the throat (80% of cases) and to a lesser extent the throat
Nose and eye, skin and transmitted contagion by droplets from the patients or microbe holders
Milk and plays an important role in the transmission of infection show symptoms in the form of throat pain and difficulty in swallowing
And high temperature, vomiting and loss of appetite
Signs of the disease and the presence of (membrane) thick adherent throat gray color bleeding when it is removed
And the presence of enlarged lymph glands in the neck, are the prevention, vaccinating a child triple taste
(Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus) 2/1 cm
Intramuscular injections in the fourth, sixth and eighth months, and then at stimulatory doses (18 months)
And (3) years and (6) years
G: cold (common cold)
Fast-spreading infection of the upper respiratory tract of certain viruses
And it helps the child injury (stress, malnutrition and exposure to air currents)
Symptoms: cold and runny nose, Ted glossy eyes, headache, dry throat,
The temperature was rising, with a dry cough sometimes.
Complications: sinusitis, inflammation of the middle ear and throat
N: bronchitis, pulmonary and popular.
Treatment depends on full rest, good nutrition, eat vitamin C
The speed of the treatment of complications, if they occur by the doctor.
Q: whooping cough (pertussis)
Contagious disease contagion navigate through droplets during coughing, frequent cases is
in Winter ,
The main symptoms: high fever, cough and vomiting may be followed by a private
During the night, and the occurrence of bouts of coughing, each shift consisting of inspiration
Followed by a deep exhalation short arena with voice-like cry (rooster)
Hence the label.
The most important complications: pulmonary bronchitis and lobar lung constriction
And the occurrence of a secret hernia, or rectum fall
Prevention: (such as diphtheria) by triple taste
Disease is caused by infection with HIV particular. And it is transmitted by
Spray, or by eating contaminated food or drink infected with the disease
Flies, milk and plays an important role in the transmission of infection.
Symptoms are similar to flu in the beginning and so the temperature, with a headache
Nominated and disorders of the digestive system. Then begins (the role of paralysis) suddenly
Which strengthens the child does not walk or sit and then gradually subsides paralysis
The child in the use of his limbs and starts and can sit or walk and then stops
Paralysis for improvement, and have paralysis remaining significantly lower than the paralysis that
It was started by the disease.
Prevention: vaccinating a child living untamed taste (Sabine) by two
On the tongue, and at the same trio bait dates. And we should pay attention to ventilation
Homes and cleanliness of food and drink, and the fight against flies, boil milk well
Before eating, and not frequenting crowded places.
Widespread neurological disease, occurs due to several reasons
Including: injuries and brain tumors
Meningitis (meningitis), congenital malformations, birth brackish, disorders
Endocrine and metabolism, and a lack of sugar in the blood and genetics play an important role in
Certain types of epilepsy.
Epilepsy in children types:
The role of petit mal, which is a several bouts of repeated daily for each shift consists
From a nap and temporary accompanied by staring into space and silence for a few seconds, then return
The child to complete what it was before the Nuba
The role of grand mal, the child begins to lose consciousness, with muscle spasm in tensile
Accompanied by a halt of breathing and the emergence of cyanosis and foam mouth, was epileptic seizure begins
In a limited part of the child’s body, such as the corner of the mouth, or involuntary movement of a finger
Big Foot, and then spread on one side of the body, and this is known (focal epilepsy).
Poor appetite may return the child to (pathogens), such as gastroenteritis
And popular measles, influenza, colds, sore throat, mouth infections private
Thrush . As well as when you are teething and after vaccinations. Or (psychological reasons)
And return to the educational or irregular meals and lack of suitable child errors in upbringing,
The quality of food and focus your child’s age and temperament, weaning delay.
Q: childhood sugar
A disease that affects children under the age of 15 years, due to cell damage (not Ngerhanz)
Located in the pancreas that produce the hormone insulin, and therefore the pancreas does not
All supply the body with its needs of insulin, so this type of sugar respond to treatment by injecting
Insulin, and it kills the deficit to rise in blood sugar than normal,
The leak of sugar in the urine, and then the emergence of symptoms of the disease known
P: parotid gland, inflammation (mumps)
Infectious disease, affects the parotid gland, a salivary glands located in front of the ear.
Special virus infection occur, transmitted through droplets or the use of the patient’s tools.
Symptoms of mumps: a simple fever, nausea and Zvzvh, then 24 hours after the child complains
Pain in front of earlobes, followed by a gradual swelling of the parotid gland, increasing pain when chewing
When swallowing, and parotid gland swells second day after or two days after the first inflation,
It may also swells the salivary glands under the tongue or in the hand under the jaw or in two ways.
Prevention: challenged by viral triple (m. M. R) against measles
And mumps in the fifteenth month of the child’s life once.
: Anemia beans
Tksrih anemia, genetic and rare. Spoke to the lack of an enzyme in the blood
Called (G. 6 .p .d) in children and as a result of the lack of this enzyme, some occur
Reactions are the result of serious cracking erythrocyte.
The symptoms usually appear when the mother begins to wean her baby by giving him bean meal
Then he surprised the mother her child was injured Bamottagaa and severe pallor in his face, copious sweat
And drastically falling .issahab nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In severe cases, turns
Urine color to red with yellowing of the eyes of a child.
The treatment is blood transfusion for the child .. The mother to alert her to the doctor’s disease anemia beans
If you went to him to treat her child from another disease, in order to avoid giving the child
Drugs that cause these anemia.
S: Scarlet Fever
An infectious disease caused by infection Balmkur Alsobha analyst for the blood group (A)
Infection occurs through droplets or by tainted milk Palmkrob Alsobha
This disease is characterized by this distinctive image: sore throat, scarlet rash
(So named after scarlet fever) and distinctive changes in the tongue of the patient. And the occurrence of
Flake or alienation in the skin after a rash.
The most serious complication: rheumatic fever, acute kidney, as well as inflammation
The middle ear, inflammation of the heart membrane, arthritis, pneumonia popular.
And prevention: the need to follow the hygiene and cleanliness of the baby’s mouth and sterilizing milk or boiled
Before eating, and not to neglect or throat infections almonds and treat the full treatment
Under the supervision of a doctor.
An infectious disease, usually caused by a microbe Alsobha, talked through the enmity
Droplets from the throat of the patient.
Symptoms: high fever, sore throat or difficulty swallowing. And be
The tongue is dirty and bad breath. The most important signs of the disease is enlarged tonsils
And the presence of white granulated color on the tonsils. There may be enlarged glands
Lymph under the jaw and in the rear.
Complications: otitis media, pneumonia, inflammation of the kidneys, and rheumatic fever
M: intestinal obstruction
Is a bowel obstruction cavity resulting in non-digested food and juices passage
Digestive cavity inside the intestine, Vttjma this material above the blockage area,
Result in serious complications. The most serious types of intestinal obstruction is what happens
In newborns, due to a blockage in the esophagus or intestine
Or the presence of adhesions Breton congenital, or megacolon, congenital or blockage
In a part of the intestine, whether accurate or large intestine.
The symptoms: often a state of constant vomiting, abdominal distension, and the mother quickly introduced her to the doctor in the event of some or all of these symptoms.
N: Nazlat gastrointestinal (diarrhea)
Gastroenteritis spread a lot in the summer, it is the first enemy of children
The diarrhea is to increase the number of times defecate habit may be accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea
Frequent, and it may be the cause of influenza, a contagious intestinal microbe, or they may come with the process
Weaning wrong, or put his fingers and contaminated tools in his mouth.
Symptoms: it has a large amount of fluid due to drought
Hardy, which requires speed to compensate for these fluids
: Inflammation of the middle ear
Acute inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the middle ear, due
To a large number of children infected the upper respiratory tract disease
Caught a cold and flu, as well as children, diet injury, and repeat
Tonsillitis and sinusitis, as well as the wrong situation
During lactation, where the mother to breastfeed her baby in a horizontal position
This means leakage of milk into the middle ear through the eustachian tube
Which opens with swallowing during lactation.
The symptoms: a significant rise in temperature, severe ear pain, the child loses his ability to sleep and become irritable and lose his appetite for food
Prevention should be the treatment of colds, especially if the owner of children’s fevers, treat rhinitis and respiratory system, and must remove a child all
Patient a cold or the flu, and urged the mother to breastfeed.
N: jaundice (yellow)
Yellow is the yellowing of the whites of the eyes, skin and some body fluids,
A result of increased material bilirubin (yellow material) in the blood and yellow types:
(Yellow analytical), a result of the cracking of red blood cells, and be
Either hereditary result of the different L r h in the blood of the couple, Oovciologih
(Normal) and spoke for newborn babies in the first week and disappear
Without any treatment. And either acquired as a result of changed enzymes within the blood cells
Red (yellow obstructive) which is the most dangerous types of yellow on the patient
And occur as a result of the limited channels congenital bile or chronic inflammatory liver
Or tumors and cirrhosis of the liver, or the presence of bile stones channel.
(Hepatic bile epidemic) and occur as a result of Hepatitis,
The address of isolating the patient’s comfort and the full and prevent fatty substances and reducing
Of protein and a lot of sugars, giving vitamins, especially (b, k).