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KABUL, Afghanistan--A Turkish pediatrician listens to an Afghan child's heartbeat Jan. 7 at a clinic at Camp Dogan. Approximately 400 Afghan locals come here regularly to receive medical treatment from a team of Turkish, Afghan and French doctors. (ISAF Joint Command photo by U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Logan Tuttle)
KABUL, Afghanistan–A Turkish pediatrician listens to an Afghan child’s heartbeat
Jan. 7 at a clinic at Camp Dogan. Approximately 400 Afghan locals come
here regularly to receive medical treatment from a team of Turkish,
Afghan and French doctors. (ISAF Joint Command photo by U.S. Air Force
Staff Sgt. Logan Tuttle)


A widespread and serious diseases of the respiratory system of children and frequently it occurs

In winter and spring, which is inflammation of the air sacs of the lungs and around by

(Pulmonary Almkor) infection occurs by droplets from the nose and mouth patient

When you cough and form colds and flu and neglecting the main factor in Alajhma

The occurrence of disease.


Begins a sudden rise in the baby’s temperature with chills or jerk the child is infected

Baheejan and breathing becomes rapid and shallow concomitant pain on the side of the chest

Dry cough mother notes that the child’s nose slot thaw with the inspiration to introduce greater

Possible amount of air and that of her child happens Annina distinctive (Grunting)

With exhale.

B. Bright

Bright or illness (acute kidney) kind of sensitivity (the microbe Alsobhy)

So often this disease never sore throat or tonsillitis or scarlet fever and was named

Disease (Bright) relative to the England doctor (Richard Bright) who discovered the facts

Home of the disease.

There are three central, symptoms of the disease, including:
First, changes in urine and include

(Reduced amount of urine and change its color and the presence of albumin and roller bloody urine)

Second: high blood pressure

Third: swelling especially the face and around the eyes


Congestive heart failure, hypertension, brain and acute renal failure

So prevention is very important here, you must not expose the child to colds and avoid his presence in places

Wet and crowded and attention to the cleanliness of the airways. And protect the baby from infections

Throat, tonsillitis and scarlet fever.

C urinate involuntarily

Satisfactory phenomenon means that a child’s ability to control urine during sleep, and after the fourth year of his age

It occurs between the ages (4 15) years and up to 12 per cent of children at the age of 5 years

And 8% at the age of 8 years and 1% until the age of 15 years

There are reasons why organic and accounted for 10% of the causes and return to the defect or organic disease in a

Members of the urinary system or the nervous system in controlling urinary tract system such as inflammatory Basin

Kidney or ureter or bladder, the bladder the size of a narrow, spinal deformities, diabetes

The psychological reasons and represent 90% of the reason goes back to the child’s sense of security loss

And deprived of kindness and compassion, and also hit the child and reprimanded after Tabbouleh, and children’s fear

And lack of child care after interest in him after recovering from the disease, for example, or the birth of a new baby

The doctor treating organic disease after laboratory tests work in the case of his presence

Then psychotherapy begins to examine the reasons leading to urinate with the child and his two sons and Training

The child during the day for the imprisonment of urine as much as possible and shall not drink liquids

After six in the evening and to accustom the baby to empty his bladder before going to sleep.

A: smallpox

A viral disease spread contagion by aerosols or by the patient’s contaminated tools

Symptoms begin a simple rise in temperature with a headache and malaise, followed by the appearance of the year

The characteristic rash of smallpox on the abdomen, chest, back and underarms

It consists of small red spots turn into solid leather heights (Helmiat)

Turn into small bags inside clear watery liquid called (vesicles) and then turns

Raa’iq liquid-to-liquid purulent turbid then called (pimples) and is characterized by a rash appearing

In groups and in batches notes the different stages of rash appearance in the same place plates

Prevention and treatment

Child should be isolated to prevent the spread of the disease and cut his nails so as not to rub the skin vesicles Vtnfjr

And microbes attack them and take care of the cleanliness of the child and Treatment depends on giving the child drugs

It would relieve the severity of itching and prevent and treat complications of the disease.

H: Measles

Highly contagious viral disease occur contagion by aerosols dispersed from the mouth and nose of the patient

And flu-like symptoms in the beginning where the temperature rises with cold, cough, runny

Dry and red eyes on the third day of the disease appear small white spots the mouth of the child (spots Koppelk)

On the seventh day red rash appears the color behind the ears, forehead and then spreads to cover the whole body

And its complications: gastroenteritis and popular, pneumonia, inflammation of the brain

Hence the importance of

(Prevention) of this dangerous disease and vaccinating the child taste of measles (2/1 cm by injection under the skin)

In the ninth month once ..

H: rheumatic fever

A serious disease that affects children from the age of 5 years to 15 years as a result of

(Sensitivity) Some children Alsobha the microbe that infects the throat and tonsils

And skin symptoms vary from one state to another may appear in the form of higher

Temperature with inflammation and swelling of major joints such as the knees Detailed

And ankles, shoulder, elbow, or contract rheumatic skin or injury to the heart muscles

And valves or it may be in the form of (CORBA) and rheumatic arthritis is characterized by swelling

That appears in one of the joints and then disappears to appear in another detailed and given the close relationship

Between throat infections, almonds and rheumatic fever must treat this

Infections adequate treatment and under the supervision of a physician.

SM: diphtheria

A highly infectious disease, mainly affects the throat (80% of cases) and to a lesser extent the throat

Nose and eye, skin and transmitted contagion by droplets from the patients or microbe holders

Milk and plays an important role in the transmission of infection show symptoms in the form of throat pain and difficulty in swallowing

And high temperature, vomiting and loss of appetite

Signs of the disease and the presence of (membrane) thick adherent throat gray color bleeding when it is removed

And the presence of enlarged lymph glands in the neck, are the prevention, vaccinating a child triple taste

(Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus) 2/1 cm

Intramuscular injections in the fourth, sixth and eighth months, and then at stimulatory doses (18 months)

And (3) years and (6) years

G: cold (common cold)

Fast-spreading infection of the upper respiratory tract of certain viruses

And it helps the child injury (stress, malnutrition and exposure to air currents)

Symptoms: cold and runny nose, Ted glossy eyes, headache, dry throat,

The temperature was rising, with a dry cough sometimes.

Complications: sinusitis, inflammation of the middle ear and throat

N: bronchitis, pulmonary and popular.

Treatment depends on full rest, good nutrition, eat vitamin C

The speed of the treatment of complications, if they occur by the doctor.

Q: whooping cough (pertussis)

Contagious disease contagion navigate through droplets during coughing, frequent cases is

in Winter ,

The main symptoms: high fever, cough and vomiting may be followed by a private

During the night, and the occurrence of bouts of coughing, each shift consisting of inspiration

Followed by a deep exhalation short arena with voice-like cry (rooster)

Hence the label.

The most important complications: pulmonary bronchitis and lobar lung constriction

And the occurrence of a secret hernia, or rectum fall

Prevention: (such as diphtheria) by triple taste

U: Polio

Disease is caused by infection with HIV particular. And it is transmitted by

Spray, or by eating contaminated food or drink infected with the disease

Flies, milk and plays an important role in the transmission of infection.

Symptoms are similar to flu in the beginning and so the temperature, with a headache

Nominated and disorders of the digestive system. Then begins (the role of paralysis) suddenly

Which strengthens the child does not walk or sit and then gradually subsides paralysis

The child in the use of his limbs and starts and can sit or walk and then stops

Paralysis for improvement, and have paralysis remaining significantly lower than the paralysis that

It was started by the disease.

Prevention: vaccinating a child living untamed taste (Sabine) by two

On the tongue, and at the same trio bait dates. And we should pay attention to ventilation

Homes and cleanliness of food and drink, and the fight against flies, boil milk well

Before eating, and not frequenting crowded places.

R: Epilepsy

Widespread neurological disease, occurs due to several reasons

Including: injuries and brain tumors

Meningitis (meningitis), congenital malformations, birth brackish, disorders

Endocrine and metabolism, and a lack of sugar in the blood and genetics play an important role in

Certain types of epilepsy.

Epilepsy in children types:

The role of petit mal, which is a several bouts of repeated daily for each shift consists

From a nap and temporary accompanied by staring into space and silence for a few seconds, then return

The child to complete what it was before the Nuba

The role of grand mal, the child begins to lose consciousness, with muscle spasm in tensile

Accompanied by a halt of breathing and the emergence of cyanosis and foam mouth, was epileptic seizure begins

In a limited part of the child’s body, such as the corner of the mouth, or involuntary movement of a finger

Big Foot, and then spread on one side of the body, and this is known (focal epilepsy).

Poor appetite

Poor appetite may return the child to (pathogens), such as gastroenteritis

And popular measles, influenza, colds, sore throat, mouth infections private

Thrush . As well as when you are teething and after vaccinations. Or (psychological reasons)

And return to the educational or irregular meals and lack of suitable child errors in upbringing,

The quality of food and focus your child’s age and temperament, weaning delay.

Q: childhood sugar

A disease that affects children under the age of 15 years, due to cell damage (not Ngerhanz)

Located in the pancreas that produce the hormone insulin, and therefore the pancreas does not

All supply the body with its needs of insulin, so this type of sugar respond to treatment by injecting

Insulin, and it kills the deficit to rise in blood sugar than normal,

The leak of sugar in the urine, and then the emergence of symptoms of the disease known

P: parotid gland, inflammation (mumps)

Infectious disease, affects the parotid gland, a salivary glands located in front of the ear.

Special virus infection occur, transmitted through droplets or the use of the patient’s tools.

Symptoms of mumps: a simple fever, nausea and Zvzvh, then 24 hours after the child complains

Pain in front of earlobes, followed by a gradual swelling of the parotid gland, increasing pain when chewing

When swallowing, and parotid gland swells second day after or two days after the first inflation,

It may also swells the salivary glands under the tongue or in the hand under the jaw or in two ways.

Prevention: challenged by viral triple (m. M. R) against measles

And mumps in the fifteenth month of the child’s life once.

: Anemia beans

Tksrih anemia, genetic and rare. Spoke to the lack of an enzyme in the blood

Called (G. 6 .p .d) in children and as a result of the lack of this enzyme, some occur

Reactions are the result of serious cracking erythrocyte.

The symptoms usually appear when the mother begins to wean her baby by giving him bean meal

Then he surprised the mother her child was injured Bamottagaa and severe pallor in his face, copious sweat

And drastically falling .issahab nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In severe cases, turns

Urine color to red with yellowing of the eyes of a child.

The treatment is blood transfusion for the child .. The mother to alert her to the doctor’s disease anemia beans

If you went to him to treat her child from another disease, in order to avoid giving the child

Drugs that cause these anemia.

S: Scarlet Fever

An infectious disease caused by infection Balmkur Alsobha analyst for the blood group (A)

Infection occurs through droplets or by tainted milk Palmkrob Alsobha

This disease is characterized by this distinctive image: sore throat, scarlet rash

(So ​​named after scarlet fever) and distinctive changes in the tongue of the patient. And the occurrence of

Flake or alienation in the skin after a rash.

The most serious complication: rheumatic fever, acute kidney, as well as inflammation

The middle ear, inflammation of the heart membrane, arthritis, pneumonia popular.

And prevention: the need to follow the hygiene and cleanliness of the baby’s mouth and sterilizing milk or boiled

Before eating, and not to neglect or throat infections almonds and treat the full treatment

Under the supervision of a doctor.

For: Tonsillitis

An infectious disease, usually caused by a microbe Alsobha, talked through the enmity

Droplets from the throat of the patient.

Symptoms: high fever, sore throat or difficulty swallowing. And be

The tongue is dirty and bad breath. The most important signs of the disease is enlarged tonsils

And the presence of white granulated color on the tonsils. There may be enlarged glands

Lymph under the jaw and in the rear.

Complications: otitis media, pneumonia, inflammation of the kidneys, and rheumatic fever

M: intestinal obstruction

Is a bowel obstruction cavity resulting in non-digested food and juices passage

Digestive cavity inside the intestine, Vttjma this material above the blockage area,

Result in serious complications. The most serious types of intestinal obstruction is what happens

In newborns, due to a blockage in the esophagus or intestine

Or the presence of adhesions Breton congenital, or megacolon, congenital or blockage

In a part of the intestine, whether accurate or large intestine.

The symptoms: often a state of constant vomiting, abdominal distension, and the mother quickly introduced her to the doctor in the event of some or all of these symptoms.

N: Nazlat gastrointestinal (diarrhea)

Gastroenteritis spread a lot in the summer, it is the first enemy of children

The diarrhea is to increase the number of times defecate habit may be accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea

Frequent, and it may be the cause of influenza, a contagious intestinal microbe, or they may come with the process

Weaning wrong, or put his fingers and contaminated tools in his mouth.

Symptoms: it has a large amount of fluid due to drought

Hardy, which requires speed to compensate for these fluids

: Inflammation of the middle ear

Acute inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the middle ear, due

To a large number of children infected the upper respiratory tract disease

Caught a cold and flu, as well as children, diet injury, and repeat

Tonsillitis and sinusitis, as well as the wrong situation

During lactation, where the mother to breastfeed her baby in a horizontal position

This means leakage of milk into the middle ear through the eustachian tube

Which opens with swallowing during lactation.

The symptoms: a significant rise in temperature, severe ear pain, the child loses his ability to sleep and become irritable and lose his appetite for food

Prevention should be the treatment of colds, especially if the owner of children’s fevers, treat rhinitis and respiratory system, and must remove a child all

Patient a cold or the flu, and urged the mother to breastfeed.

N: jaundice (yellow)

Yellow is the yellowing of the whites of the eyes, skin and some body fluids,

A result of increased material bilirubin (yellow material) in the blood and yellow types:

(Yellow analytical), a result of the cracking of red blood cells, and be

Either hereditary result of the different L r h in the blood of the couple, Oovciologih

(Normal) and spoke for newborn babies in the first week and disappear

Without any treatment. And either acquired as a result of changed enzymes within the blood cells

Red (yellow obstructive) which is the most dangerous types of yellow on the patient

And occur as a result of the limited channels congenital bile or chronic inflammatory liver

Or tumors and cirrhosis of the liver, or the presence of bile stones channel.

(Hepatic bile epidemic) and occur as a result of Hepatitis,

The address of isolating the patient’s comfort and the full and prevent fatty substances and reducing

Of protein and a lot of sugars, giving vitamins, especially (b, k).

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