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What are genes?



What are genes?

You carry between 50 thousand and 100 thousand hereditary factor (Jane), and the associated health status of the information recorded in these genes.

The mutations advances that have occurred in medicine, which include identifying genes that may cause disease and the use of genes in the treatment of diseases, has made the genetic your installation is increasingly important day by day.

Genes are responsible for the initial edition of your life, it will help you in determining everything from the color of your skin and your hair and even over your sensitivity towards the disease or resist them.

Most genetic Awamlk inside the nucleus of every cell of your body cells are located, but some are present in the organelle called the mitochondria and is responsible for the production of energy for the cell. You inherit half the genetic Awamlk in the nucleus (and all mitochondrial genomes) from the mother and half from your father at the same moment when you began pregnancy, ever since she met the mother’s egg sperm coming from the father.

After fertilization, zygote starts, and genes in full, in the division again, over and over again. With differentiation and diversity of cells and converts it to different members of the different parts of the body, each cell becomes carrier of the initial edition of the genetic recipes cells of the body.

Inside the cells of your body, find your genes mounted above the 23 pairs of chromosomes (or chromosomes) .22 Moreover pairs one pair of sex chromosomes: they (SS) in females and (XY) in males. The eggs and sperm each of which carries half the number of chromosomes. Thus, when the gametes come together any egg with sperm fertilized egg, we find once again carry the full number of chromosomes. As for the chromosomal sex, some sperm carrying chromosome (X) and others carrying the chromosome (Y), and this is what will determine later the baby’s sex if it is male or female.

Each pair of these chromosomes will be the one inherited from the father and one inherited from the mother. Each chromosome is actually a long string, double helical (spiral like him) of acid and DNA consists of a number between 50 million to 250 million of the fine particles known as the nuclear rules Nucleotide Bases.

This ranking nuclear rules (which are adenine and cytosine and guanine, and thymine) threaded like the contract over two threads parallel. And just like the letters when he described in a specific order to be the lyrics, as well as the rules (when describing the particular order) can carry information blades. The group extended from several thousand of these “words” formulated the language of DNA and placed next to each other inside the phrase called “Jane.”
How inherit your genes?

Half of your genes come from each parent. Both of your parents half the number of genes from both parents of the father has received, and therefore, you inherit a quarter of the number of genes from each of the four Jdoak grandfather.

How lead genes and their functions?

Genes control the growth of the body and its functions mainly by providing blade or work program can be cells of proteins that you need to accomplish specific tasks manufacturing.
For example, a gene “phrases” may contain instructions for the manufacture of a protein called “insulin”, which is required for the sugar until cells can take advantage of it to convert it into energy. There is another gene might be his job to inform the cell in the manner and date that makes two of hemoglobin, a protein found in blood and his transfer oxygen to the cells.

Each gene does not begin to “work” at the same time, but most of them are not doing his job only when it is needed to guide specific process.

In some cases, the genetic code recorded acid DNA in a gene may change, and this is what we call genetic mutation or genetic transformation. The boom may represent a significant change or just a change in the base and a nuclear one.

And mutations that occur on genes are the cause of the natural diversity of species and varieties of animal and multi-plant, which happened over hundreds of thousands of years, one of the most important world Charles Darwin said in his theory of genetics.

It may be a genetic mutation beneficial results, allowing us to adaptation to changes in the environment around us and the survival of the human species from destruction.

However, the harmful mutation that occur on a genetic factor that may give a completely different cell FAQ What, thereby creating this lack of manufacturing a protein enough, or protein manufacturing error, or any other error. Such changes may seem trivial, it may cause serious diseases. An example of that “sickle cell anemia” are caused by a mutation in a single gene.

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