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Respiratory diseases. (SARS)

Published on: Apr 17 2016 by manal manal

 

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 Respiratory diseases. (SARS)


Pneumonia syndrome

sars

an introduction :
Acute viral illness severity comes from being:
1. In a short period of rapidly spread through respiratory droplets
And body fluids.
2. has a link to the global travel movement as the number is not
Shortly patients have been transmission to him by sitting
Near the patient during travel as well so it has moved infection
The aircraft crew and health workers who have to disclose
Patients and health care providers to them.
3. There is a qualitative cure or vaccine yet.
This has been outbreaks of the disease in some countries recorded since November
2002, the disease is endemic and spread in a number of countries in the continents
Asia, Europe and America as of February 2003 was
Disease is associated with the movement of global travel, where many recorded
Cases, the center of passengers and crew of the aircraft, also moved
To health care workers and contacts of patients and their visitors.

Symptoms of the disease:
Disease begins with a high fever (over 38 degrees Celsius) with
Cough and difficulty in breathing.

The disease progresses in a number of cases to severe pneumonia
To the degree the need for artificial respiration.

The disease can be accompanied by headaches and muscle stiffness
Loss of appetite, fatigue, confusion, diarrhea, skin rash
Accompanied by a dry cough and shortness of breath.

Case definition:

A suspected case:
1. suspected the disease each person showing after 01.11.2002 AD
The following symptoms:
– High fever (over 38 degrees Celsius).
And a cough or difficulty in breathing.
In addition to one or more of the following exposures during cases
Ten days before the onset of symptoms:
– Mixing directly with the case of suspected or probable cases.
– History of travel to one of the areas affected by the disease.
– Accommodation in one of the areas affected by the disease.
2. The death of a person suffering from a respiratory illness caused by not known yet
11/01/2002 AD has not been an autopsy in addition to one or
More of the following cases of exposure during the ten days prior to the beginning
Symptoms:
– Mixing directly with the case of suspected or probable cases.
– History of travel to one of the areas affected by the disease.
– Accommodation in one of the areas affected by the disease.
NB:
• direct contact means to provide care or live with
Suspected or potential or has a direct mixing with the secretions case
Breathing or body fluids of such cases.
• the disease affected area is the area in which they occur
Local transmission of the disease series
.
B – possible case:
1. suspected case of pneumonia with the presence of radiation signs
Supportive pulmonary inflammatory syndrome or dyspnoea.
2. deaths suspected case and when the autopsy found signs
Syndrome dyspnoea without knowing why.
Important note: excludes any situation when there is an alternative diagnosis.

The incubation period of the disease:

Ranging from 2-7 days and may continue to (10) days

The causative agent:

A viruses from Koronavyrus group nor Ranked
Now specifically to note that viruses cause Koronaveros
To serious respiratory infections in children
And adults and can overcome the environmental aspects for
3 hours and passed on these viruses from one person to another through droplets
Respiratory and contamination of hands and respiratory secretions and through
Small air particles
.
Warehouse disease:
So far it seems that the warehouse is limited to cases of patients
Severe acute respiratory tract with symptoms only, there is no
Data indicate that the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome healthy campaign
Appearance of those who do not show any symptoms constitute a repository
Of the disease, as it has yet to prove the spread of the disease by
Animals, mice and cockroaches.

Modes of transmission:

Respiratory droplets and body fluids and contaminated materials.
The most vulnerable to disease categories:
Health workers and other persons who have a friction
Direct Situations.

Precautions have been taken:

First, at the level of the world:

WHO is following up the epidemiological situation of the disease
Daily reporting and follow-up of the State and exclude any case not
Conform to the definition of the situation.

The formation of a network of eleven laboratories in the world to gain access to
Knowledge of the causative agent and accurately Ranked as the formation of a network of
Clinicians to arrive at a proper diagnosis and measures
Therapeutic.

Scientists come to examine the design of the detector to assist in diagnosis
Laboratory of the disease by (PCR) and (IFA) and (ELISA) and are
Developed as a fast and reliable use.

Organization has issued recommendations on global travel with no movement
Restrict travel movement has these recommendations summarized in the following:

Precautions to be taken when all members of society

– Make sure that you have immunity be in good condition and that all
By eating a balanced eating and exercise to maintain
Sports, comfort and lack of exposure to psychological stress and avoided
Smoking.
– Maintaining the health and personal good (Cover your nose
And mouth when sneezing and coughing).
– Keeping your hands clean by washing with water
Soap and towels to use at once.
– Wash your hands thoroughly when contact with secretions of sneezing.
– Avoid contact with eyes, nose and mouth and, if necessary, wash
Hands thoroughly before and after touching.
– Do not share any bathrobes or clothes.
– Maintain a clean home environment and it scans cleaner
Household appliances with a damp one cosmetic cleaner
Home.
– Maintaining good ventilation inside the house.
– Avoid visiting crowded places or where ventilation is good.
– See your doctor if you feel any symptoms of the respiratory tract.
– When attention at home patients should consult a doctor when
The onset of symptoms and must implement the doctor’s instructions precisely as it should
To maintain personal hygiene of the patient and the patient must
Wearing a muzzle, as well as persons in contact.

Precautions to take when working in places
the public :
– Maintaining personal hygiene, cover nose and mouth when
Sneezing and coughing.
– Wash hands thoroughly after sneezing and coughing.
– Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth and wash your hands when necessary
Well before and after touching.
– Consult a doctor immediately when you feel any symptoms of the device
Respiratory.
– Maintaining good ventilation in the interior places.

Private school recommendations:
– Cleaning play and play areas.
– Keep hands clean and wash well.
– Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
– Wash your hands thoroughly when contact with the secretions of sneezing
And coughing.
– Use napkins or smocks use for once.
– To Ati_ark in clothing and towels.

Workers in the private health units recommendations:
– Maintaining personal hygiene.
– See your doctor if you feel any symptoms.
– Wearing a mask when dealing with any patient to encourage patient
Also wear a muzzle as well as visitors to the patient.
– Maintaining the breathing apparatus in the industrial clean.
– Make sure that the suction devices in the bathrooms work well.
– Make sure you have soap in the bathrooms and toilets.
– Maintaining the room clean and well ventilated.

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